Daily Post #32

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Ethics: One important issue is whether morality is relative to individuals/societies or objective and therefore universal. It is no secret that the dominant view in the West is that morality, as well as truth, is relative. There is no truth or moral truth that is true for all people. While evangelical/Reformed Christians refer to the Bible as truth provided by God in propositional form, many philosophers have also affirmed the existence of objective and absolute moral truth. Interestingly, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle listed the following attitudes and behaviors that in his view are morally wrong at all times: “spite, shamelessness, envy . . . adultery, theft, homocide.” About these, Aristotle claims that unlike other attitudes and actions, they do not “admit of a mean.” For Aristotle, a virtue and a virtuous act is a mean between two extremes (excess and deficiency), both of which are evil. Yet, he says about these attitudes and actions that there is no mean in relation to them. In other words, they are always morally wrong. There is no way, in his words, to commit adultery “with the right woman, at the right time, or in the right way.” Adultery is always morally wrong; it can never be a virtuous act. This is a great example of a philosopher that affirmed the existence of moral absolutes.

Published by B.J. Condrey, PhD

Dr. Condrey holds a Bachelor of Arts in both Philosophy and Psychology from the University of Missouri-KC, a Master of Arts in Philosophy from the University of Southern Mississippi, and a Ph.D. in Ethics & Practical Theology from the University of Edinburgh. He is ACSI certified. Dr. Condrey writes courses and teaches Psychology, Bible, and C.S. Lewis at Enlightium Academy, where he began working in 2016. He has served as a youth, young adult, and small group pastor in the local church, and currently teaches Ethics at the University of Southern Mississippi. He has a book published by Wipf & Stock (Breaking Ground) along with other publications. In his spare time, he enjoys reading and writing, spending time with his family, traveling, trout fishing, family hikes, and drinking coffee! He is passionate about helping young people construct a biblical worldview so that their faith involves both the mind and heart. He has been married since 2009 and has two children.

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